HDQRS. SIXTH DIVISION, SIXTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
Columbus, Ky., July 30, 1863.
Maj. Gen. STEPHEN A. HURLBUT,
Commanding Sixteenth Army Corps:
GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of your communication of 29th instant, with copy of Brigadier-General Dodge’s telegram.
Colonel Waring’s command was, on the 27th instant, 6 miles northwest of Paris, Tenn., and a portion of his cavalry were in Paris, but found no enemy there. I believe his command is now at Feliciana, near the State line. Inclosed please find my instructions just sent to him.
The Kentucky election, occurring on next Monday, is also of importance. Lucien Anderson, the Union candidate for Congress, was at Columbus yesterday. The rebel sympathizers will struggle to elect disloyal men; and, after mature consideration, I felt compelled to issue the inclosed explanatory order, as an addition to your Special Orders, No, 159, which had already been published and widely circulated.
Very respectfully, general, your obedient servant,
HDQRS. SIXTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
Memphis, Tenn., July 14, 1863.
SPECIAL ORDERS, No. 139.
In so much of the State of Kentucky as is within the District of Columbus it is ordered:
1st. That no person be permitted to be a candidate for office who is not avowedly and unconditionally for the Union and the suppression of the rebellion.
2d. That no person shall exercise the privilege of an elector and vote at said elections who is not avowedly and unconditionally for the Union and the suppression of the rebellion.
3d. The military authorities in said District of Columbus will see to it that this order is carried out. Judges of elections will be governed by the principles herein set forth, and will demand evidence upon oaths in such cases as may be in doubt, and allow no person to exercise the franchise of voting who does not take the oath required.
By order of Maj. Gen. S.A. Hurlbut:
HEADQUARTERS DISTRICT OF COLUMBUS,
SIXTH DIVISION, SIXTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
Columbus, Ky., July 15, 1863.
The above orders of the general commanding corps are communicated to the civil and military authorities for their information. Military officers making arrests for violation of these orders will be governed by the circular from office of Commissary-General of Prisoners, dated Washington, May 11, 1863.
By order of Brigadier-General Asboth:
HDQRS. 6TH DIV., SIXTEENTH ARMY CORPS,
Columbus, Ky., July 29, 1863.
GENERAL ORDERS, No. 47.
That no further doubt may exist as to the intent and meaning of Special Orders, No. 159, dated Headquarters Sixteenth Army Corps, July 14, 1863, it is ordered that no person shall be permitted to be voted for or be a candidate for office who has been or is now under arrest or bonds, by proper authority, for uttering disloyal language or sentiments.
County judges within this district are hereby ordered to appoint as judges and clerks of the ensuing August election only such persons as are avowedly and unconditionally for the Union and the suppression of the rebellion, and are further ordered to revoke and recall any appointments of judges and clerks already made who are now such loyal persons.
Judges and clerks of elections are hereby ordered not to place the name of any person upon the poll-books to be voted for at said election who is not avowedly and unconditionally for the Union and the suppression of the rebellion, or who may be opposed to furnishing men and money for the suppression of the rebellion.
The following oath is prescribed, and will be administered by judges of elections to voters and to such candidates as reside within this district:
I do solemnly swear that I have never entered the service of the so-called Confederate States; that I have not been engaged in the service of the so-called provisional government of Kentucky, either in a civil or military capacity; that I have never, either directly or indirectly, aided the rebellion against the Government of the United States or the State of Kentucky; that I am unconditionally for the Union and the suppression of the rebellion, and am willing to furnish men and money for the vigorous prosecution of the war against the rebellion league known as the Confederate States. So help me God.
Any voter, judge or clerk of election, or other person, who may evade, neglect, or refuse compliance with the provisions of this order, will be arrested and sent before a military commission as soon as the facts are substantiated.
By order of Brigadier-General Asboth:
CINCINNATI, July 30, 1863.
A battery of artillery and two train-loads of cavalry are between Falmouth and Cynthiana. I think it will be well to let them go on to Nicholasville, to go from there to Richmond or Hickman Bridge, as you may like. What have you done with Gilbert’s cavalry? The cavalry that is on its way is part of Wolford’s brigade. The Forty-fifth Ohio belongs to the same brigade, and has just arrived at Paris. Will it not be well to order it to Nicholasville also, or do you think it would be better for the whole force to get off the trains at Paris, and move toward Irvine? I don’t think they can overtake Sanders, but by making a junction with Gilbert’s cavalry at Richmond, or near there, they can, with the battery, keep the enemy from coming on the Big Hill road from Irvine. Colonel Ross might march direct from Paris to Richmond at his leisure, and meet Wolford’s and Gilbert’s cavalry there. Answer.
LEXINGTON, July 30, 1863.
GENERAL: Received dispatch from Sanders, dated 6.40 p.m. yesterday; nothing since. He had then just got a force across Red River, on the Irvine road; had only 1 man wounded and had captured 15 prisoners. After leaving Winchester, the rain had made the road so difficult that the artillery could with difficulty get along; the heaviest pieces were left with a guard, and instructions to come along as fast as possible. Enemy had abandoned a number of wagons on the road. Sanders’ force, sent to Paris, lost its way, and has not yet arrived. Have ordered the Fifth East Tennessee and what is at Paris, with battery, to Richmond, and will send there those that are on trains now. Enemy who was at Paris went in direction of Mount Sterling.
GEO. L. HARTSUFF,
Maj. Gen. AMBROSE E. BURNSIDE.
HEADQUARTERS MILITARY POST,
Paris, Ky., July 30, 1863.
SIR: About 2 o’clock yesterday the telegraph operator at Winchester arrived here and informed me that the rebels occupied Winchester; he did not know in what force, as he did not wait to ascertain, being afraid of capture. No official information had been received of any immediate danger at this point, but, in view of the proximity of the enemy, immediate steps were taken to meet him, should he venture to cut the railroad here.
About 4 p.m. the rebel advance drove in our pickets, but were immediately engaged by about 100 men of the Twenty-third Michigan and one piece of artillery of Henshaw’s battery. This force held the enemy until re-enforced by another company of the Twenty-third Michigan and one piece of von Sehlen’s (Fifteenth Indiana) battery. Our whole force might have been concentrated in the front at once, but it was feared they would, by leaving a sufficient force to engage our troops on the Winchester pike, flank us on the Maysville pike, and burn the large trestle-work bridge of the Kentucky Central Railroad, which was doubtless their sold object in visiting us. In view of this contingency, I kept every approach to the bridges strongly guarded by the companies of the Twenty-third Michigan not engaged in front, and the detachment of the One hundred and eighteenth Ohio Volunteer Infantry and two pieces of the Fifteenth Indiana Battery. A little after 6 o’clock the enemy broke, and disappeared in great disorder back on the Winchester pike. Capt. G. Reid was sent to follow them up with about a dozen of his scouts — all that were present — which they did for a distance of 2 miles. I subsequently learned that the enemy left the Winchester pike about 6 miles from Paris, and took a dirt road which led to the Mount Sterling pike. During the night following, Colonels Maltby and Ross arrived from Winchester, bringing with them some prisoners taken at that place. The number of the enemy engaged with my force was counted by a Union farmer; he states that he counted 375 before they attempted to “trade horses with him,” and that 15 or 20 passed afterward. I have about 175 men and two pieces of artillery engaged. The enemy was mounted, and for a time fired briskly, but the artillery threw him into, and kept him in, disorder, until he fled. The enemy’s known loss is 1 wounded severely; casualties on our side, none.
In closing this report, I deem it proper to mention the valuable assistance rendered me by Brigadier-General Burbridge, who, although he did not assume command, yet I was aided by his advice and plans for defense, and he took charge of the execution of the most important and dangerous part of it himself.
I have the honor to be, colonel, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
THOS. L. YOUNG,
Lieutenant-Colonel 118th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Comdg. Post.
Lieut. Col. G.B. DRAKE,
PARIS, July 30, 1863.
GENERAL: The Forty-fifth Ohio have arrived from Winchester. They report the main rebel force, 2,000 strong, with eight pieces of artillery, as having retreated on the Irvine road. Colonel Sanders is in pursuit. They retreated after being driven back by us, finding the place too strong for them. Colonel Ross captured 1 captain and 15 men, near Paris. They are waiting for the force that crossed Stoner Creek. I will have the party pursued. Where shall the prisoners be sent?
Maj. Gen. GEORGE L. HARTSUFF.
HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF EAST TENNESSEE,
Knoxville, July 30, 1863.
Brig. Gen. W. PRESTON, Abingdon, Va.:
GENERAL: The major-general commanding directs me to inform you of his intention to march next Sunday morning (August 2) on the enemy now stationed on Louisa and Beaver Creeks. You will please hold 600 infantry at your command, your two batteries and 1,000 cavalry in readiness to march at any moment. The main force of the expedition will be furnished from other brigades, to whom you will furnish the necessary transportation for 80,000 rations, 400,000 rounds of ammunition for small-arms, and 3,000 rounds for artillery.
You will please inform these headquarters of the latest and most reliable information received relative to the position of the enemy at the above-mentioned points.
At Saltville are two Napoleon guns, fully equipped. The major general commanding proposes to borrow them, for the time of the expedition, of Maj. Gen. Sam. Jones, and furnish him in their place with four 6-pounder guns. You will please make the necessary arrangements with General Jones to that effect.
I have the honor to be, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
Chief of Staff.